TARDEC - The U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center
Length199 inchesCurb Vehicle Weight13,916 pounds
Width:95.7 inchesPayload4,284 pounds
Ride Height:81 inchesGross Vehicle Weight18,200 pounds
Transport Height:72 inchesAxle Weight (Front/Rear)43%/57%
Wheelbase:134 inchesCrew Seating4 + 1 Gunner
Ground Clearance:5 to 23 inchesRange (35mph, flat)337 miles
Interior Volume171 ft3
Top Speed74 mph
Speed on 5% Grade (Initial/Cont)45/38 mph
Acceleration 0 – 30 / 0 – 50 mph5.1/16.2 s
Vertical Step18 inches
NATO Lane Change> 45 mph
Lateral Acceleration0.54 g's
Gradeability Longitudinal/Side Slope60%/40%
NRMM Cross Country Speed/% No Go25 mph/18.2%
Battery SOC80%-20%100%-0%
Silent Watch4.38 hours7.3 hours
Electric Range12 miles21 miles

Goal of MRAP Family of Vehicle-like underbody and side protection from a variety of threats that include:

Improvised Explosive Device

Improvised Explosive Device
Explosively Formed Penetrator
Rocket Propelled Grenade
Small Arms Fire

  • Mobile Computing Platform RF-7800N-CP for C4I application hosting, network router and switch, video server, data and vetronic interfaces
  • AN/VRC-110 Multiband Vehicular Radio System with AN/PRC-152 Type-1 Handheld Multiband Radio
  • Dual RF-300M-V150 50 Watt Vehicular Adaptor with two PRC-117G(V)1(C) Type-1 Wideband Multiband Radios with Internal SAASM GPS
  • RF-7800I Vehicular Intercom System
  • One System Remote Video Terminal and Transceiver with Remote Optical Video Enhanced Receiver
  • Fortress Encrypted Tactical Wireless Mesh
  • Defense Advance GPS Receiver
  • 360° SA Video via 2 FLIR ThermoVision WideEye II's
  • Boomerang Geo-rectified Shooter Detection System
  • Counter RCIED Modular Countermeasure Suite
  • Subaru Boxer Horizontally-Opposed Turbo Diesel Engine Maximum Power: 175 hp Rated Engine Torque: 260 lb-ft JP8, 30 gallon tank
  • UQM-200 Power Phase Generator and Inverter Peak Power: 200 kW Continuous Power: 120 kW 380VDC bus, 6kW 380VDC to 28VDC converters , 3kW 380VDC to 12VDC converter
  • Navitas Li-Iron Phosphate Battery (Li-Fe-PO4) Capacity Energy Power: 14.2 kWh Peak Output Power: 180 kW Continuous Output Power: 65 kW
  • American Traction Systems (ATS) Drive Inverters Remy-410HVH HT drive motors, High Voltage Hairpin Conductor, Permanent Magnet Rotor
  • EATON E-Locker Differentials Ratio: 3.08:1 LOC Planetary Geared Hubs Ratio: 2.6:1 Gearing ratio overall, motors to tires: 8:1
  • LiquidSpring Compressible Liquid Adaptive Suspension System: 18 inches of travel, with integrated elastomeric jounce bumper
  • Hutchinson Wheels: Aluminum, 20” diameter X 11” wide, 40mm positive offset, 335mm bolt circle, 8 hole pattern.
  • Mickey Thompson Tires: Baja ATZ Radial, 40X14.5R20LT – 4805 lbs load capacity at 65psi
  • Service Brakes: Outboard mounted, hydraulic, master cylinder push rod, 380mm carbon- ceramic rotors, six piston calipers
  • Parking Brake: Caliper type – rear wheel outboard, spring activated, hydraulic release
  • Jankel: Blast Limiting Attenuation Seats

Blast Mitigating Technologies

Interior and exterior novel blast mitigating technologies being evaluated are intended to protect occupants from underbody threats, capitalizing on their individual properties to create synergistic survivability. Inside, a crushable floating floor system decouples the crew’s feet and legs from the steel hull while absorbing energy. Adjustable stroking seats, five-point restraint systems, and spatial accommodations mitigate head impacts and flail injuries. Outside, double “V” pontoons with integrated stiffeners and rigid structural stiffening technologies complement the monocoque crew cab design. ULV’s hybrid design creates a “clean underbody”, by eliminating traditional components including the driveshaft, transmission, and frame rails, a design feature expected to have a lower imparted impulse during a blast event as well as allowing space for add-on armor kits, should they be required. Close

Gunner Protection

The lightweight gunner protection kit and sling harness is comprised of advanced composites that protect the weapon operator from threats including small arms, blasts and crashes. Close


The suspension system is lightweight, intelligent and adjustable with 18 inches of travel and automatic ride height adjustments for stowage. To adapt the vehicle's response to road and terrain variations and driving styles automatically and instantaneously, silicon-based fluids are used to adjust spring stiffness and damping at each wheel independently. This increases roll/pitch control and stability -- and reduces ride harshness -- all without driver intervention. Close


Lightweight, cutting-edge ballistic protections systems made up of high strength steels and advanced composite materials offer protection without added weight. An optional armor package is available for protection against severe threats. New transparent ceramic armor system on windows also reduces weight and increases visibility. Close

Vehicle Electronics

Electronics integration is a low-weight system with full Internet Protocol control options, improved integration and full electronic suite capabilities. The use of a common integrated user interface for radio, shot detection, video and GPS positioning result in significant space and weight savings. The co-location of the C4ISR components reduces internal temperatures and lessens the threat of secondary projectiles in the event of vehicle penetration. Close

Crew Accommodating Cab

The crew cab provides increased interior space with vehicle electronics (C4ISR) remote mounted and controlled, reducing HVAC workloads. Doors are integrated in a "clam shell" fashion so front and rear doors open away from the B-pillar, creating a protected exit area. Doors also use over-swing straps to set a maximum open position with an insulating foam liner for thermal stability and HVAC requirements for noise reduction. The doors also boast large windows for maximum viewing angles with optional add-on armor packages for larger threat protection. With quick-release/removable components, seven egress points facilitate stowage space and 360° situational awareness through front and rear mounted ultra wide-angle thermal imagers. Close

Hybrid Powertrain

The hybrid powertrain improves mobility and survivability. The system eliminates the need for a driveshaft allowing the underbody geometry to re-route a blast away from occupants. It also provides drive redundancy with two electric drive motors. This technology, coupled with a lightweight diesel engine, provides capabilities including immediate electric launch, stealth drive, silent watch, exportable power generation, high torque at low/near zero speeds, and may improve fuel economy. Close